Effects of Civil War
- Established federal supremacy
- Abolition of slavery and legal rights for blacks
- 100 years of regional tension fueled by the war and Reconstruction
- Reconstruction – In the post Civil War period, from 1865 to 1877, the United States confronted the problems of re-admitting the southern states to the Union and integrating the freed slaves into society.
- 13th amendment – Abolishes slavery in the United States
- 14th amendment – Declares that all persons born in the U.S. are citizens; states that all citizens are guaranteed equal protection of the laws
- 15th amendment – States that citizens cannot be denied the right to vote because of “race, color, or previous condition of servitude”