CAUSES AND EFFECTS OF THE WAR OF 1812
*British impressment of American sailors. (In 1807, while Britain was at war with France, a British ship fired upon and then boarded an American ship, carrying off four seamen. This act infuriated the American public.)
*To try to keep America from trading with its enemy, the British blockaded U.S. ports
*Nationalism (renewed sense of American patriotism)
*Trouble with Indians (who were incited by British to harass American interests) and desire to conquer territory in (British) Canada
*Treaty of Ghent (1814) ended the war
*The United States, a young nation, gained confidence and faith in the ability of its military,ushering in the “era of good feeling.”
*The United States gained international respect for managing to withstand the British Empire.
*The Capitol and the president’s mansion were burned by the British during the war, which led to a rebuilding of Washington D.C.
*Francis Scott Key was inspired to write a poem, “The Star Spangled Banner,” and in 1931, Congress designated it as the national anthem.